Policy & Practice: Advocacy
Governor Tim Pawlenty
130 State Capitol
75 Rev Martin Luther King Blvd
St. Paul, MN 55155
November 20, 2008
Dear Governor Pawlenty:
The Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute is a nonpartisan, nonprofit research, policy and education think tank. We conduct research and analysis on many issues to improve adoption laws, policies and practices. This correspondence is intended to explain the state of professional knowledge on one of those issues: the availability (or lack thereof) of original birth certificates to adopted persons once they reach the age of majority - an issue I know you have dealt with in the past, and will be asked to address again in the next legislative session.
I will keep this letter brief, as I'm sure you already have received a great amount of information from all sides. In short, studies consistently show that sealed birth certificates are an anachronism born of society's desire to protect the reputations of adoptees and their parents at a time when unwed mothers were severely stigmatized and the children born to them were denigrated as "bastards." Indeed, birth certificates were often stamped with the word "illegitimate." Over time, the cultural rationale has shifted to maintaining the anonymity of birthmothers. However, nearly all available evidence indicates that these women - while sometimes wanting privacy in their families and not wanting their situations public - overwhelmingly desire some level of contact with or knowledge about the children they bore; that they favor adult adoptee access to their birth certificates (or, at least, do not oppose it); and, contrary to popular perception, that they were not legally assured of anonymity. Moreover, the vast majority of adult adoptees want the records for a variety of reasons, notably medical and genealogical.
Two additional, critical points: First, a number of states in recent years have enacted laws granting adult adoptees access to their records - with none of the negative consequences that critics had predicted. And, perhaps most important, the unambiguous conclusion from a growing body of research is that greater knowledge about their histories (biological and personal) yields better outcomes for adoptees and their families. That is the principal reason, in both professional practices and new statutes throughout our country during the last decade, the singular trend has been toward increased disclosure. A few adoption practitioners, and organizations representing them, still advocate for closure - sometimes by confusing "anonymity" and "privacy" or by using discredited data on a supposed "link" with abortion - but these practitioners represent a small and shrinking minority in the field.
The Adoption Institute has conducted the most extensive study to date on this issue, accessible on our website: http://adoptioninstitute.org/old/research/2007_11_for_records.php. Please let me know if you would prefer to receive a hard copy, and I will get it to you promptly. If you need more data or have questions, feel free to contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org or 617-332-8944. Thank you for your attention and for your important work.