Institute Publications

The following is a comprehensive list of all publications, presentations, books, conference proceedings, press releases, and testimonies of the Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute listed by topic. For inquiries and questions, please email info@adoptioninstitute.org.

To view a chronological list of all original research conducted by the Institute, see Institute Research or of just policy briefs, see Policy & Practice Papers. For a listing of current Institute initiatives, see Programs & Projects and other Institute products including conferences, books and events.

Most documents are available for free in Portable Document Format (PDF) which requires Adobe Acrobat Reader 5.0 or higher.


Adoption Attitude National Surveys
Adoption & New Reproductive Technology
Americans with Disability Act
Birthparents
Clinical Mediation
Education about Adoption
Ethics and Adoption
Foster Adoption
Gay and Lesbian Adoption
Identity
Infant Abandonment
Intercountry Adoption
Interstate Adoption
Media, Internet & Adoption
Open Records
Open Adoption
Post-Adoption Services
Practice Issues
Prenatal Substance Abuse & Adoption
Research Resources
Wrongful Adoption

Adoption Attitude National Surveys

Title: Benchmark Adoption Survey: Report on the Findings

Author: Conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates for the Adoption Institute. Washington, D.C.: Princeton Survey Research Associates.
Published: 1997 October
Document Type: White Paper (56 pages)
Availability: PDF Full Report | Web Page | Press release

The Adoption Institute's 1997 Benchmark Adoption Survey was the first national public opinion research on American perceptions of adoption.

Title: Changing the Image of Adoption

Author: Madelyn Freundlich
Published: Presented at Adoptive Families Today, Schaumburg, Illinois, November 8, 1998.
Document Type: Powerpoint Presentation
Availability: Web Page

Title: 2002 National Adoption Attitudes Survey

Author: Conducted by Harris Interactive for the Adoption Institute and Dave Thomas Foundation for Adoption.
Published: 2002
Document Type: White Paper
Availability: PDF Full Report | Executive Summary | Web Page | Press release

Findings from the 2002 National Adoption Attitudes Survey, sponsored by the Dave Thomas Foundation for Adoption, in cooperation with the Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute, were released June 19, 2002. The landmark study examines public support for, experience with and consideration of adoption, in addition to Americans' views about foster care adoption.

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Adoption & New Reproductive Technology

Title: Old Lessons for a New World: Applying Adoption Research and Experience to Assisted Reproductive Technology

Authors: Naomi Cahn
Published: 2009 Feb. New York NY: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Document Type: Policy Brief (33 pages)
Availability: PDF Full Report | Executive Summary | Web Page | Press Release
The Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute released this Policy Perspective brief in February 2009 which suggests that the knowledge derived from adoption-related research and experience can be used to improve policy and practice in the world of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) such as sperm, egg and embryo "donations." "Old Lessons for a New World" identifies several areas in which adoption's lessons could be applied, including secrecy and the withholding of information; a focus on the best interests of children; the creation of "nontraditional" families, particularly as more single, gay and lesbian adults use ART; the impact of market forces; and legal and regulatory frameworks to inform standards and procedures.

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Americans with Disability Act

Title: The Americans with Disabilities Act: What Adoption Agencies Need to Know

Author: Madelyn Freundlich
Published: 1997
Document Type: Policy Perspectives
Availability: Web Page

Title: The Americans with Disabilities Act: Frequently Asked Questions

Author: Madelyn Freundlich
Published: 1997
Document Type: Policy Perspectives
Availability: Web Page

Title: Legal Update: Decision Under the Americans with Disabilities Act

Author: Lisa Peterson, Esq.
Published: No date
Document Type: Policy Perspectives
Availability: Web Page

Title: The Americans with Disabilities Act

Author: Madelyn Freundlich
Published: Presented at the Adoption Exchange Association, Denver, Colorado, October 8-10, 1998.
Document Type: Powerpoint Presentation
Availability: Web Page

Title: The Americans with Disabilities Act

Author: Madelyn Freundlich
Published: Presented at the New Jersey Adoption Coalition, Trenton, New Jersey, May 20, 1999.
Document Type: Powerpoint Presentation
Availability: Web Page

Title: Adoption and the Americans with Disabilities Act

Author: Madelyn Freundlich
Published: 2000. Washington, DC: Child Welfare League of America Press.
Document Type: Book
Availability: Purchase through Child Welfare League of America Press

Developed by the Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute and published by CWLA. Since the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was signed into law in 1990, adoption agencies have been on notice that they must exercise caution when using disability-related criteria in the selection of adoptive parents. Part I of this book reviews the nondiscrimination mandates of the ADA, discusses who it protects, outlines sanctions for violations, and describes relevant case law. Part II addresses the extent to which ADA protects individuals with drug addictions, who are HIV-positive, and who have psychiatric disorders. Part III provides case examples in which the ADA may apply and identifies considerations agencies might take into account in making decisions about prospective parents based on disability-related concerns.

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Birthparents

Title: Safeguarding the Rights and Well-Being of Birthparents in the Adoption Process

Author: Susan Smith
Published: 2006 November. New York NY: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Document Type: White Paper
Availability: PDF Full Report | Executive Summary | Web Page | Press Release

This study, published in November 2006 as part of National Adoption Awareness month, represents the most thorough, intensive and sophisticated effort to date to understand contemporary infant adoption, particularly as it relates to the least-understood and most-stigmatized participants in the process: the women and men usually termed "birthparents."

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Clinical Mediation

Title: Clinical Mediation

Author: Madelyn Freundlich
Published: Presented at the New York State Citizens Coalition for Children, Albany, New York, May 14-15, 1999.
Document Type: Powerpoint Presentation
Availability: Web Page

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Education about Adoption

A Need to Know: Enhancing Adoption Competence Among Mental Health Professionals

Author: David M. Brodzinsky, Ph.D.
Published: 2013 August, New York NY: Donaldson Adoption Institute
Document Type: Policy Perspective (63 pages)
Availability: PDF Full Report | Executive Summary | Web Page | Press Release
This report points out that one of the most frequent complaints from members of adoptive and birth/first families is an inability to find psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers and related practitioners who understand the unique, adoption-related issues that can affect their identities, their relationships and other important components of their lives.

Title: Resource Guide for Educators

Author: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Published: No date
Document Type: Resource Paper
Availability: Web Page

Title: Adoption Training Curriculum

Author: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Published: No date
Document Type: Resource Paper
Availability: Web Page

Title: Adoption in the Schools: A Lot to Learn

Authors: Susan Livingston Smith, Debbie Riley
Published: 2006 September. New York: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Document Type: Policy Perspective
Availability: PDF Full Report | Web Page | Press release

The Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute released this Policy Perspective brief in September 2006 which for the first time brings together research and years of broad experience on a range of issues that affect millions of boys and girls nationwide. The report points out that, as adoption becomes increasingly normalized in the United States, more and more adoptive families are confronting challenges when their children attend school - and it offers recommendations for how educators can better meet those challenges. The report also states that educating educators about the realities of adoption is a diversity issue and also a fairness issue, because adopted and foster children are sometimes derided in ways we would never accept if the taunting or stereotyping referred to other aspects of their being - such as race, gender, ethnicity, religion or disability.

Title: Adoptive Parent Preparation Project Phase I: Meeting the Mental Health and Developmental Needs of Adopted Children

Author: David Brodzinksy
Published: 2008 February. New York NY: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Document Type: Policy Brief (18 pages)
Availability: PDF Full Report | Web Page | Press Release

This publication, released in February, represents the initial phase of a broad, long-term Institute project designed to shape best-practice standards that will assist adoption professionals in the preparation and education of adoptive parents. This policy and practice paper outlines best practices for preparing adoptive parents to meet the mental health and developmental needs of their children.

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Ethics and Adoption

Title: The Intricate World of Adoption Ethics

Author: Madelyn Freundlich
Published: Presented at American Adoption Congress, San Francisco, California, November 11-14, 1998.
Document Type: Powerpoint Presentation
Availability: Web Page

Title: Ethics and Adoption: Challenges for Today and the Future – Summary of Conference Proceedings

Author: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Published: 2000 March. New York, NY: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute (74 pages)
Document Type: Conference Proceedings
Availability: Web Page

The Adoption Institute sponsored the first ever conference designed to bring together those who are concerned about the ethical issues that affect the practice of adoption in all arenas. "Ethics and Adoption: Challenges for Today," held in November 1999 provided opportunities to learn and to actively explore the key ethical issues that confront adoption today and in the future, with key findings published by the Institute.

Title: Adoption and Ethics, Volume 1: The Role of Race, Culture, and National Origin in Adoption

Author: Madelyn Freundlich
Published: 2000. Washington, D.C.: Child Welfare League of America Press.
Document Type: Book
Availability: Purchase through Child Welfare League of America Press

Published in conjunction with the Child Welfare Leagues of America, this is the first in a four-part series examining ethical issues in adoption. This volume explores the questions: What role does race, culture, and national origin place in an adoptee's personal identity? To what extent should racial and cultural similarities and differences between adoptive parents and children be taken into account? This volume, first in a series developed by the Evan B. Donaldson Institute, provides a synthesis of current research, literature, and legislation in three areas: transracial adoptions, adoptions of American Indian children, and international adoptions. Arguments from all sides of these controversial issues are clearly presented, providing a complete overview of this important area of current adoption practice.

Title: Adoption and Ethics, Volume 2: The Market Forces in Adoption

Author: Madelyn Freundlich
Published: 2000. Washington, D.C.: Child Welfare League of America Press.
Document Type: Book
Availability: Purchase through Child Welfare League of America Press

This is the second volume in a series developed by the Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute and published with the Child Welfare League of America. The role of money and power in the context of adoption and the extent of accountability have become critical questions in adoption policy and practice today. These issues arise in three arenas: the adoption of infants in the United States, the adoption of children in foster care, and international adoption. This volume considers each of these in relation to market forces and the role of marketing in adoption both by prospective adoptive parents and adoption professionals.

Title: Adoption and Ethics, Volume 3: The Impact of Adoption on Members of the Triad

Author: Madelyn Freundlich
Published: 2000. Washington, D.C.: Child Welfare League of America Press.
Document Type: Book
Availability: Purchase through Child Welfare League of America Press

This volume, the third in a series developed by the Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute, considers how adoption practice and policy impact those who are the "clients" of adoption services – adoptees, birth parents, and adoptive parents. It explores the psychological, social, and cultural aspects of adoption for all members of the triad, and assesses the extent to which current policy and practice meet the needs of those whom adoption is designed to serve. The current understanding of the positive and negative effects of adoption on all parties is related to the ethical obligation of adoption professionals.

Title: Adoption and Ethics, Volume 4: Adoption and Assisted Reproduction

Author: Madelyn Freundlich
Published: 2000. Washington, D.C.: Child Welfare League of America Press.
Document Type: Book
Availability: Purchase through Child Welfare League of America Press

The growing use of assisted reproduction, including sperm donation, gamete donation, and surrogate motherhood, has raised a number of ethical issues in common with adoption. These issues include the parties' legal and social roles, anonomity, and concerns related to the growing role of money and power of market forces in each area. This book reviews not only the available literature, but the wide range and outcomes of current case law and statutes. This book provides the foundation upon which to base policy and practice in this evolving area of adoption practice.

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Foster Adoption

Title: Never Too Old: Achieving Permanency and Sustaining Connections for Older Youth in Foster Care

Authors: Jeanne A. Howard and Stephanie Berzin
Published: 2011 July. New York NY: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Document Type: Policy and PracticePerspective(94 pages)
Availability: PDF Full Report | Web Page | Press Release | Executive Summary
This Institute Report explores initiatives, synthesizes research findings, and makes recommendations for better meeting the needs of the growing proportion of youth who "age out" of foster care each year – and face daunting challenges in their transition to adulthood.

Title: Finding Families for African American Children: The Role of Race & Law in Adoption from Foster Care

Authors: Susan Smith, Ruth McRoy, Madelyn Freundlich, Joe Kroll
Published: 2008 May. New York NY: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Document Type: Policy Brief (58 pages)
Availability: PDF Full Report | Executive Summary | Web Page | Press Release
This Institute report, endorsed by a broad range of national child-welfare organizations, is the most thorough examination to date of the often-sensitive, controversial issues relating to transracial adoption and calls for major changes to better serve the needs of children of color and to improve their prospects of moving to permanent, loving homes.

Title: The Future of Adoption for Children in Foster Care: Demographics in a Changing Socio-Political Environment

Author: Madelyn Freundlich
Published: 1998
Document Type: Policy Perspectives
Availability: PDF

This article examines the forces likely to have an impact on the adoption of children in foster care and considers the implications of policy and practice in a changing economic and sociopolitical climate.

Title: The Future of Adoption for Children in Foster Care

Author: Madelyn Freundlich
Published: Presented at Adoptive Families Today, Schaumburg, Illinois, November 8, 1998 and also presented at Families Adopting Children Everywhere, Baltimore, Maryland, October 3, 1998.
Document Type: Powerpoint Presentation
Availability: Web Page

Title: Expedited Termination of Parental Rights: Risks and Benefits

Author: Madelyn Freundlich
Published: Presented at the Dave Thomas Center for Adoption Law, Columbus, Ohio, February 9, 1999.
Document Type: Policy Perspectives
Availability: Web Page

Title: The Future of Adoption for Children in Foster Care

Author: Madelyn Freundlich
Published: Presented at the New York State Citizens Coalition for Children, Albany, NY, May 1998.
Document Type: Powerpoint Presentation
Availability: Web Page

Title: What's Working for Children: A Policy Study of Adoption Stability and Termination

Author: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Published: 2004 November. New York NY: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Document Type: White Paper
Availability: PDF Full Report | Executive Summary | Web Page | Press Release

A 2004 research study that found the majority of adoptions from foster care have remained intact over time. The study also raises questions about the effectiveness of state data-collection systems on adoption terminations and offers recommendations to improve policies and practices.

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Gay and Lesbian Adoption

Title: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute Opposes Florida Law Prohibiting Gays and Lesbians from Adopting

Author: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Published: February 21, 2001 ACLU Amici Brief
Document Type: Press Release
Availability: Web Page

Title: Adoption by Lesbians and Gays: A National Survey of Adoption Agency Policies, Practices, and Attitudes

Author: David Brodzinsky
Published: October 29, 2003. New York, NY: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Document Type: White Paper
Availability: PDF Full Report | Executive Summary | Web Page | Press release

A major report released by the Adoption Institute in 2003, found that approximately 60 percent of adoption agencies accept applications from Lesbian and Gay couples, and that nearly 40 percent have placed children with such adoptive parents. On a broad level, the study also demonstrated how profoundly social attitudes and practices toward gays and lesbians are changing, while the willingness of agencies to accept them as parents means a growing number of children who need homes are moving into permanent families.

Title: Expanding Resources for Children:Is Adoption By Gays and Lesbians Part of the Answer for Boys and Girls Who Need Homes?

Author: Jeanne Howard
Published: 2006 March. New York: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Document Type: Policy Perspective
Availability: Executive Summary | PDF Full Report | Web Page | Press release

This Policy Perspective brief provides a research-based context for the ongoing debate in the United States over the adoption of children by gays and lesbians. The report examined relevant issues, laws and practices relating to gay and lesbian adoption and parenting, and review of the available studies spanning the last several decades. The report found no child-centered reason to prevent gays and lesbians from becoming adoptive parents, and recommends that gay and lesbian parents be utilized more extensively to provide permanent, loving homes for children living in state care across the country. This policy brief is part of a larger, more extensive yearlong project on theses issues.

Title: Expanding Resources for Waiting Children II: Eliminating Legal & Practice Barriers to Gay & Lesbian Adoption from Foster Care

Authors: Jeanne Howard & Madelyn Freundlich
Published: 2008 Sept. New York NY: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Document Type: Policy Brief (51 pages)
Availability: PDF Full Report | Executive Summary | Web Page | Press Release
This Policy & Practice Perspective report offers recommendations to increase the pool of prospective adoptive parents for children in foster care by changing state laws and agency practices so they become more welcoming of gay and lesbian applicants. This report builds on the Institute's 2006 Policy & Practice Perspective, "Expanding Resources for Waiting Children: Is Adoption by Gays and Lesbians Part of the Answer?"

Title: Expanding Resources for Children III: Research-Based Best Practices in Adoption by Gays and Lesbians

Author: David M. Brodzinsky, Ph.D.
Published: 2011 October, New York NY: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Document Type: Policy Brief (69 pages)
Availability: PDF Full Report | Executive Summary | Web Page | Press Release
The survey is part of a broad, four-year-long research project by the Adoption Institute that culminates in the publication today of a 68-page report, "Expanding Resources for Children III: Research-Based Best Practices in Adoption by Gays and Lesbians," which provides important new information about and insights into the perceptions, experiences and needs of non-heterosexual adoptive parents.

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Identity

Title: Beyond Culture Camp: Promoting Healthy Identity Formation in Adoption

Authors: Hollee McGinnis, Susan Livingston Smith, Dr. Scott D. Ryan, and Dr. Jeanne A. Howard
Published: 2009 November. New York NY: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Document Type: Research (112 pages)
Availability: PDF Full Report | Web Page | Press Release
This study, released in November, is the broadest, most extensive examination of adult adoptive identity to date, based on input from the primary experts on the subject: adults who were adopted as children.

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Infant Abandonment

Title: Unintended Consequences: 'Safe Haven' Laws Are Causing Problems, Not Solving Them

Author: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Published: 2003 March. New York, NY: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute.
Document Type: White Paper
Availability: PDF Full Report | Web Page | Press release

A groundbreaking report released by the Adoption Institute in 2003 that examined the effectiveness and consequences of the so-called "safe haven" laws, and raised troubling and difficult questions about current laws. The report findings indicate that safe haven laws not only do not solve the problem of unsafe infant abandonment, but actually may encourage women to conceal pregnancies and then abandon infants who otherwise would have been placed for adoption through established legal procedures or been raised by relatives.

Title: Rethinking 'Safe Havens' for Legal Desertion of Babies

Author: Adam Pertman
Published: April 04, 2003 edition of The Christian Science Monitor
Document Type: Commentary
Availability: Web Page

Title: Experts to Examine Infant Abandonment

Author: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Published: March 11, 2003
Document Type: Press Release
Availability: PDF Full Report | Executive Summary | Web Page

Following up on its controversial report on unsafe infant abandonment, the Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute hosted a roundtable discussion on the subject from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. on Friday, March 14, 2003 at its office in New York. At the event, a group of the nation's leading experts on adoption, abandonment and child welfare debated the issues.

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Intercountry Adoption

Title: Adoption in the Absence of National Boundaries

Author: Joy Kim Lieberthal
Published: Presented at the 25th Conference of the North American Council on Adoptable Children, 1999.
Document Type: Presentation Paper
Availability: Web Page

Title: The Gathering of the First Generation of Adult Korean Adoptees: Adoptees' Perceptions of International Adoption

Author: Madelyn Freundlich, Joy Kim Lieberthal
Published: 2000 June. New York, NY: The Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute (52 pages)
Document Type: White Paper
Availability: PDF Full Report | Web Page | Press Release

A report by former Executive Director Madelyn Freundlich and Joy Kim Lieberthal that contains a historical overview of the international adoption of Korean children; the results of the survey conducted by the Institute prior to historical Gathering conference of the first generation of Korean adoptees, and synopsis of the adoptee discussion groups.

Title: Reunion of the First Generation of Vietnamese Adoptees: Preliminary Survey Results

Author: Joy Kim Lieberthal
Published: Presented by Joy Kim Lieberthal at the Reunion of First Generation of Vietnamese Adoptees April 28-30, 2000, Baltimore Maryland
Document Type: White Paper
Availability: PDF Full Report | Web Page

Title: Recommendations to the State Department & Acton Burnell re: Implementation of the Intercountry Adoption Act of 2000

Author: Cindy Freidmutter, Esq., Executive Director
Published: May 24, 2001
Document Type: Memorandum
Availability: PDF

Title: Recommendations for Implementing the Hague Convention & the Intercountry Adoption Act of 2000

Author: Cindy Freidmutter, Esq.
Published: June 18, 2001
Document Type: Memorandum
Availability: PDF

Title: Additional Recommendations to the State Department & Acton Burnell re: Implementation of the Intercountry Adoption Act of 2000

Author: Cindy Freidmutter, Esq.
Published: June 23, 2001
Document Type: Memorandum
Availability: PDF

Title: Recommendations to the State Department Regarding Acton Burnell's Final Draft of Hague Regulations Implementing the Intercountry Adoption Act

Author: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Published: March 19, 2002
Document Type: Memorandum
Availability: PDF

Title: Testimony On "International Adoptions: Problems and Solutions" Before the House Committee on International Relations

Author: Cindy Freidmutter
Published: May 22, 2002
Document Type: Testimony
Availability: Web Page | Web Page

Title: Comments to the State Department on Proposed Regulations to Implement the Intercountry Adoption Act and Hague Convention Docket Number State/AR-01/96

Author: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Published: December 15, 2003
Document Type: Testimony
Availability: DOC

Title: Intercountry Adoption in Emergencies: The Tsunami Orphans

Author: Hollee McGinnis
Published: 2005 April. New York, NY: The Evan B. Donaldson Adoption
Document Type: Policy Perspectives
Availability: PDF Full Report

This policy brief examines the role of intercountry adoption in situations such as the one caused by the massive tsunami that struck Southeast Asia and the eastern coast of Africa on Dec. 26, 2004 – that is, during natural disasters, armed conflicts, and other complex human emergencies. By outlining some of the unique threats posed to children during emergencies, and examining existing international conventions and the legal framework for intercountry adoption, this brief articulates best practices that incorporate both immediate and long-term needs of children left without parental care – including protection, family reunification, community and family solutions, permanency, and respect for culture.

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Interstate Adoption

Title: Reforming the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children: A New Framework for Interstate Adoption

Author: Madelyn Freundlich
Published: No date
Document Type: Policy Perspectives
Availability: Web Page

This article by former Executive Director Madelyn Freundlich examines the ICPC in relation to the role it has played and could play in promoting permanency for children through adoption. It also considers the purpose of the ICPC in relation to adoption, as well as the legal and practice issues that have arisen as attempts have been made to apply the ICPC.

Title: Safeguarding Interstate Adoptions: The Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children

Author: Susan Livingston Smith
Published: 2005 April; Revised 2005 June
Document Type: Policy Perspectives
Availability: PDF Full Report

The primary safeguard to regulate the adoption of boys and girls from one state to another is the Interstate Compact for the Placement of Children (ICPC). For a large number of foster children, finding permanent families requires moving in with relatives or other families outside their own states. For these children, accomplishing permanency is a more complicated process, requiring the cooperation of child welfare agencies and judicial systems in two jurisdictions. The ICPC was created four decades ago, and the pressure to expedite interjurisdictional placements has finally built to the point where serious efforts are now being undertaken to reform the process. This policy brief outlines the relevant issues in an effort to inform the discussion during current efforts to improve the ICPC system.

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Media, Internet & Adoption

Title: Untangling the Web: The Internet's Transformative Impact on Adoption

Author: Jeanne A. Howard, Ph.D.
Published: 2012 December, New York NY: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Document Type: Policy and Practice Perspective (70 pages)
Availability: PDF Full Report | Executive Summary | Web Page | Press Release
This new report concludes that social media and other elements of this modern technology are having "transformative" effects – positive and negative – on adoption policy, practice and millions of people’s lives, while raising serious legal, ethical and procedural concerns that have yet to be addressed.

Title: The Media, the Internet and the Practice of Adoption: A Bibliography, 1995-1998

Author: Compiled by Deborah L. Martin. (8 pages)
Published: No date
Document Type: Resource Paper
Availability: Web Page | Web Page

Title: Adoption Institute Forums on Adoption and the Media "Forum on Adoption Issues"

Author: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Published: April 14, 1998 Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism
Document Type: Resource Paper
Availability: Web Page

Title: Adoption Institute Forums on Adoption and the Media "Striking a Balance: Media Reporting of Adoption Issues"

Author: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Published: 1999 March
Document Type: Resource Paper, Transcript
Availability: Web Page | Transcript of Rutger's Forum

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Open Records

FOR THE RECORDS II: AN EXAMINATION OF THE HISTORY AND IMPACT OF ADULT ADOPTEE ACCESS TO ORIGINAL BIRTH CERTIFICATES

Authors: Dr. Jeanne A. Howard, Susan Livingston Smith, and Georgia Deoudes
Published: 2010 July. New York NY: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Document Type: Policy Brief (46 pages)
Availability: PDF Full Report | Executive Summary | Appendix | Web Page | Press Release I | Press Release II
"For the Records II: An Examination of the History and Impact of Adult Adoptee Access to Original Birth Certificates" is based on a years-long examination of relevant judicial and legislative documents; of decades of research and other scholarly writing; and of the concrete experiences of states and countries that have either changed their laws to provide these documents or never sealed them at all.

Title: State Voluntary Registries and Intermediary Programs

Author: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Published: January 24, 2008
Document Type: Resource Paper
Availability: PDF

Title: For the Records: Restoring a Right to Adult Adoptees

Author: Madelyn Freundlich
Published: 2007 November. New York NY: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Document Type: White Paper (31 pages)
Availability: PDF Full Report | Executive Summary | Glossary of Terms | Web Page | Press Release

This study, published as part of National Adoption Awareness month, represents the most comprehensive examination to date of one of the most controversial, emotional issues in the modern adoption world: whether adopted people, once they become adults, should have access to their original birth certificates. This report suggests that all states change their laws so that the answer is "yes." This policy paper is the result of the broadest, most extensive examination to date of the various issues related to state laws governing adult adopted persons' access to their original birth certificates and/or adoption records; and recommendations in this paper are drawn from a review and analysis of past and current state laws; legislative history in states across the country; decades of experience on relevant issues; and the body of research relating to sealed and open records on the affected parties.

Title: Testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Ways and Means

Subcommittee on Human Resources Concerning Adoption Registries
Author: Madelyn Freundlich
Published: June 11, 1998
Document Type: Testimony
Availability: Web Page

Title: Confidentiality Becomes Political: The New Strategy in Opposition to Open Records

Author: Madelyn Freundlich
Published: Presented at the American Adoption Congress, Albany, New York, November 1, 1997.
Document Type: Powerpoint Presentation
Availability: Web Page

Title: Open Records Laws and Voluntary Registries

Author: Madelyn Freundlich
Published: 1997
Document Type: Policy Perspectives
Availability: Web Page

A review article of pending legislation and open record laws in the United States.

Title: Putative Father Registries

Author: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Published: 1997
Document Type: Resource Paper
Availability: Web Page

A complete listing of states with putative father registries and links to statute text.

Title: A Summary of State Laws on Access to Identifying Information and State Registries

Author: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Published: No date
Document Type: Resource Paper
Availability: Web Page

Connect to links of states with varying adoption-oriented laws regarding registries, search, notice, and consent procedures.

Title: Confidentiality Statutes

Author: Fred Greenman
Published: 1997
Document Type: Resource Paper
Availability: Web Page

Information on various confidentiality statutes surrounding adoptive parents' control over confidentiality. It also describes various state statutes that for adoptions that are annulled, and confidentiality ends.

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Open Adoption

Title: Openness in Adoption: From Secrecy and Stigma to Knowledge and Connections

Author: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Published: 2012 March
Document Type: White Paper
Availability: PDF Full Report | Executive Summary | Web Page | Press Release

A major new report depicts just how extensively adoption in the U.S. has changed over the last several decades – from a time when it was shrouded in so much secrecy that birth and adoptive families knew nothing about each other, to a new reality today in which the vast majority of infant adoptions are "open," meaning the two families have some level of ongoing relationship.

Title: Openness in Adoption and Post-Adoption Contact Agreements: A Review of the Empirical Research and Current State Law

Author: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Published: 1999 December
Document Type: White Paper
Availability: PDF Full Report | Web Page

An introductory information booklet published by the Adoption Institute in 1999 that provides information about post-adoption contact agreements and inquiries into "open adoption".

Title: Open/Cooperative Adoption: The Impact of Current Laws on Negotiated Relinquishments

Author: Madelyn Freundlich
Published: Presented at the American Bar Association's Ninth National Conference on Children and the Law, Sheraton City Centre, Washington, DC, April 8-10, 1999.
Document Type: Policy Perspectives
Availability: PDF Full Report | Web Page | Web Page | Web Page

Title: Cooperative Adoptive Statutes

Author: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Published: No date
Document Type: Resource Paper
Availability: Web Page

Cooperative adoption statutes allow ongoing contact between adopted children and their birth parents after finalization of an adoption. Under these statutes, birth parents relinquish parental rights but maintain certain post-adoption contractual rights that may include the exchange of letters and photos, phone calls at specified times such as holidays or birthdays, and face-to-face contacts. Cooperative adoption may provide an opportunity for parents who may realize that they cannot raise their children but who view total relinquishment of their rights as an unacceptable abandonment.

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Post-Adoption Services

Title: The Vital Role of Adoption Subsidies: Increasing Permanency and Improving Children's Lives

Author: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute and NACAC
Published: 2012 September. New York NY: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute and NACAC
Document Type: Policy and Practice Brief
Availability: Web Page | Press Release
As part of the Institute’s "Keeping the Promise" initiative, is a nationwide effort – in partnership with the North American Council on Adoptable Children – to preserve state funding for adoption subsidies, which are an essential tool for enabling children and youth to move from foster care into permanent, loving, successful families.

Title: Keeping The Promise: The Critical Need for Post-Adoption Services to Enable Children and Families to Succeed

Author: Susan Livingston Smith
Published: 2010 October. New York NY: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Document Type: Policy Brief (99 pages)
Availability: PDF Full Report | Executive Summary | Web Page | Press Release I
An extensive examination of adoptive families in the United States, concludes that too many are not receiving the essential services they need, and calls for a reshaping of national priorities and resources to develop and provide such services.

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Practice Issues

Title: The Many Faces of Adoption

Author: Madelyn Freundlich
Published: Presented at the Louisiana Adoption Advisory Board, December 15, 1998.
Document Type: Presentation Paper
Availability: Web Page

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Prenatal Substance Abuse & Adoption

Title: A Summary of the Research and the Practice Recommendations, from Adoption and Prenatal Alcohol and Drug Exposure: The Research, Policy and Practice Challenges October 1997 Conference.

Author: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Published: 1998 June. New York, NY: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Document Type: Conference Proceedings
Availability: PDF Full Report | Web Page | Press Release

In October 1997 the Adoption Institute sponsored a groundbreaking symposium that explored the impact of prenatal drug and alcohol abuse on the development of children who are adopted and the supports needed by families who adopt them. A summary of the research and practice recommendations from the symposium, "Adoption and Prenatal Alcohol and Drug Exposure: The Research, Policy and Practice Challenges," was published in June 1998.

Title: Adoption and Prenatal Alcohol & Drug Exposure: Research, Policy and Practice

Author: Richard Barth, David Brodzinsky, Madelyn Freundlich
Published: 2000. Washington, D.C.: Child Welfare League of America Press
Document Type: Book
Availability: Purchase through Child Welfare League of America Press

Published in conjunction with the Child Welfare Leagues of America, this book provides important information on the impact of prenatal substance exposure on children's immediate health and well-being; the long-term implications for children's health and development; the role that a positive postnatal environment can play in remediating the effects of prenatal substance exposure; how prospective adoptive parents can be counseled regarding the effects of prenatal substance exposure; and the ongoing services and supports that are needed for adoptive families and their substance-exposed children to maximize positive outcomes. This book was developed with the support of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. It is designed to serve as a key resource for practitioners, policymakers, researchers, and others with an interest in, and a commitment to, adoption for substance-exposed children.

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Research Resources

Title: The Annotated Guide to Adoption Research, 1986-1997

Author: Deborah L. Martin
Published: 1998 March. Washington, D.C.: Child Welfare League of America Press
Document Type: Book
Availability: Out of print

An Annotated Guide to Adoption Research, 1986-1997 was published by the Child Welfare League of America Press and the Adoption Institute. Compiled by Institute staff, this landmark tool synthesized a decade (1986 and 1997) of qualitative and quantitative research encompassing clinical and nonclinical samples, case studies, longitudinal studies, epidemiological studies, grounded theory, experimental research, and single-subject research in one volume.

Title: Research Bibliography and Abstracts Database

Author: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Published: No date
Document Type: Database
Availability: Web Page

To amass this database, a comprehensive literature search for articles, master's theses, Ph.D. dissertations, conference proceedings, books, book chapters, reports and unpublished manuscripts was conducted. The abstracts in this database have been compiled and published in "An Annotated Guide to Adoption Research: 1986 - 1997."

Title: Adoption Access

Author: Debbie L. Martin
Published: 1998-2001. New York, NY: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Document Type: Resource Papers
Availability: Web Page | Volume 1 Number 1 | Volume 1 Number 4 | Volume 2 Number 2 | Volume 2 Number 3

Title: Adoption & Foster Care: Select Law Review Articles 1995-1998

Author: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Published: No date
Document Type: Resource Paper
Availability: Web Page

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Wrongful Adoption

Title: Wrongful Adoption Cased

Author: Madelyn Freundlich, Lisa Peterson
Published: Presented at the Association of Administrators of the interstate Compact on Adoption and Medical Assistance Conference, Adoption: Pathways and Partnerships, Charleston, South Carolina, September 23, 1997.
Document Type: Powerpoint Presentation
Availability: Web Page

Title: Wrongful Adoption: Law, Policy and Practice

Author: Madelyn Freundlich, Lisa Peterson
Published: 1998. Washington, DC: Child Welfare League of America Press.
Document Type: Book
Availability: Out of print.

The past decade has seen an increase in cases where adoptive parents fail to receive accurate or complete information about a child's physical, emotional, or development problem or about a child's birth family and history. In such cases, adoptive parents, confronted with extremely expensive medical care or mental health care, have sought assistance through the courts. Wrongful Adoption examines the issue in four parts: the history of adoption practice in relation to disclosure of children's health and other background information, cases that have shaped the "law" of wrongful adoption, key policy and practice issues, and recommendations for quality practice.

Title: Protecting Parents, Children and Agencies by Avoiding Liability in Wrongful Adoption Cases

Author: Madelyn Freundlich, Lisa Peterson
Published: Presented at Association of Administrators of the Interstate Compact on Adoption and Medical Assistance, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, November 4-6, 1998.
Document Type: Powerpoint Presentation
Availability: Web Page

Title: Protecting Parents, Children and Agencies by Avoiding Liability in Wrongful Adoption Cases

Author: Madelyn Freundlich, Lisa Peterson
Published: Presented at the Child Welfare League of Americas, San Antonio, Texas, December 8, 1998.
Document Type: Powerpoint Presentation
Availability: Web Page

Title: Wrongful Adoption: Litigation/Practice Issues

Author: Madelyn Freundlich, Lisa Peterson
Published: Presented at the American Bar Association's Ninth National Conference on Children and the Law, Sheraton City Centre, Washington, DC, April 8-10, 1999.
Document Type: Presentation Paper
Availability: Web Page

This is an article was written as a synopsis based on the book by the Adoption Institute and published through the Child Welfare League of America, Wrongful Adoption: Law, Policy and Practice.

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