Ms. Benward is a psychotherapist with over 15 years of experience in counseling individuals and families on the issues surrounding adoption and infertility. She is a member of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Mental Health Professional Group. She has presented papers on ethical issues in egg donation and the use of donor registries in reproductive medicine. She is also a member of the identity-release task force of the Sperm Bank of California. She is a consultant to staff and patients in the third party parenting program of the Reproductive Science Center for the Bay area. She has been a consultant to and former board member of PACT - An Adoption Alliance, Inc.