The study compares the type and quality of interpersonal relationships of adopted and non-adopted adolescents. The experience and knowledge of adoption may, or may not, affect the type and quality of relationships teen develop. It is hoped that this research will help adoptive parents, children and teens, and professionals working with them, to better understand the intricacies of child and adolescent development. As an adoptee myself, this research is of personal as well as professional interest to me.
Participants will be adopted and non-adopted (ie, reared by biological parents) teens, age 13-18, inclusive. Participants will be mailed 2 questionnaires which should take 20-30 minutes to complete. One is The Inventory of Parent-Peer Attachment, developed by Armsden and Greenburg (1984); the second is The Psychological Separation Inventory, developed in 1984 by Hoffman. These are well-established multi-choice research instruments which ask about relationships with peers and parents. Forms will be numerically coded so the participants identity will be impossible to determine. A parent/guardian consent form must be signed for those under 18. Questionnaires can be returned to the researcher in a stamped envelope that will be provided. Each subject will receive $10 as thanks for their participation. Participation is totally voluntary and can be withdrawn at any time. The responses of the group of adopted teens, as a whole, will be compared to the responses o the group of non-adoptees as a whole. The results o the study will be available to participants and their families upon request, and will be submitted to professional journals for publication.
This study has been approved by the Ethical Research with Human Participants Committee of the Pace University Psychology Department, and is being conducted with guidance of a committee of faculty advisors.
All interested parties may contact me as follows, for further information regarding the study, to offer suggestions or comments, or to have a questionnaire packet mailed:
To be completed by all participants. Please do NOT write your name on this form. You may ask a parent or guardian to help you complete this form. By "parent" we mean the person who have raised you and you consider your primary caretaker. If you are adopted, we are referring to your ADOPTIVE parents.
Hispanic/Latino Other (specify)
- School Grade: ________________________________________
- Home setting: (circle) Rural/country Suburban Urban/city
- Are both your parents living? ________ Yes ________ No
- If one or both parent has died, please indicate which one(s) and
how long ago:______________________________________
- Highest level of parent(s) or guardian(s) education:
That is, of your parents, indicate how far the parents who has spent he most time in school has gone.
(circle) Some High School High School Graduate
Some College College Graduate
- Please describe any other circumstances of your life which you would like o disclose and think are important to making you the person you are today. You might mention important childhood experiences, activities or hobbies, career goals, musical tastes, or anything you like.
- Were you ADOPTED? That is, were you legally adopted by persons other than your biological/birth parents? This could include adoption by a non-relative, or a relative such as a grandparent, aunt, uncle. Etc., but NOT by a step-parent married to one of your biological parents.
If YES, please complete Part 2. If NO, please go on to questionnaires 1 and 2. Thank you!
FOR ADOPTED PARTICIPANTS ONLY
- At what age were you adopted?
- Were you adopted by anyone related to you or known to your biological/birth parents? For example, a grandparent, aunt, or family friend? _____Yes _____No
- If YES, please describe:
- Are your adopted parents from the same ethnic/racial group as yourself?
- If No, what is their ethnicity? ___________________________________________
- Have you ever met one or both of your biological/birth parents?
- Please tell us any thoughts or feelings about your experiences as an adoptee that you would like to mention. Any thoughts you have on how your experiences as an adoptee have affected the person you are today would be most helpful. However, you are not required to write anything in this space.
Please go on to questionnaires 1 and 2.
Please select the ONE number that best reflects your feelings about each statement NOW. If a statement does not seem to apply to you (for example, you are asked about going on vacation with your mother and you have never gone on a vacation with her), respond as you imagine you would feel in that situation.
1: Not at all true of me
2: A little bit true of me
3: Moderately true of me
4: Quite a bit true of me
5: Very true of me
___1. I like to show friends pictures of my mother.
___2. Sometimes my mother is a burden to me.
___3. I feel longing if I am away from my mother for too long.
___4. My ideas regarding racial equality are similar to my mothers.
___5. My mother wishes to influence my selection of friends.
___6. I feel like I am constantly at war with my mother.
___7. I blame my mother for many of the problems I have.
___8. I wish I could trust my mother more.
___9. My attitudes about obscenity are similar to my mothers.
___10. When I am in difficulty I usually call upon my mother help me out of trouble.
___11. My mother is the most important person in the whole world to me.
___12. I have to be careful not to hurt my mothers feelings.
___13. I wish that my mother lived neared so I could visit her more frequently.
___14. My opinion regarding the role of woman are similar to my mothers.
___15. I often ask my mother to assist me in solving my personal problems.
___16. I sometimes feel like I am being punished by my mother.
___17. Being away from my mother makes me feel lonely.
___18. I wish my mother wasnt so overprotective.
___19. My opinion regarding the role of men are similar to my mothers.
___20. I wouldnt make a major purchase without my mothers approval.
___21. I wish my mother wouldnt try to manipulate me.
___22. I wish my mother wouldnt try to make fun of me.
___23. I sometimes call home just to hear my mothers voice.
___24. My religious beliefs are similar to my mothers.
___25. My mothers wishes have influenced my choice of major at school.
___26. I feel that I have obligations to my mother that I wish I didnt have.
___27. My mother expects too much from me.
___28. I wish I could stop lying to my mother.
___29. My beliefs regarding how to raise children are similar to my mothers.
___30. My mother helps me to make my budget.
___31. While I am home on a vacation I find it difficult to leave her (my mother).
___32. I often wish my mother would treat me more like an adult.
___33. After being with my mother on a vacation I find it difficult to leave her.
___34. My values regarding honesty are similar to my mothers.
___35. I generally consult my mother when I make plans for an out-of-town weekend.
___36. I am often angry at my mother.
___37. I like to hug and kiss my mother.
___38. I hate it when my mother makes suggestions about what I should do.
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Brodzinsky, David, Schechter, Marshall, Henig, Robin. Being Adopted: The Lifelong Search for Self. NY: Doubleday, 1992.
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