OTHER SELECTED REFERENCES
Health Care Professionals
Social Work Professionals
Abel, E. L. "Fetal Alcohol Syndrome in Families." Neurotoxicology and Teratology v 10, n 1 (1988): 1-2.
Bauer, A. M.; et al. Parenting Children Who Have Been Prenatally Exposed to Drugs or Alcohol: A Handbook for Foster and Adoptive Parents. Cincinnati, OH: Cincinnati University, 1990.
Bullock, A.; Grimes, E.; and McNamara, J. Bruised Before Birth: Parenting Children Exposed to Parental Substance Abuse. Greensboro, N.C.: Family Resources, 1994.
Cole, J. G. "Intervention Strategies for Infants with Prenatal Drug Exposure." Infants and Young Children v 8, n 3 (January 1996): 35-39.
Connor, P. D., and Streissguth, A. P. "Effects of Prenatal Exposure to Alcohol Across the Life Span." Alcohol, Health & Research World v 20, n 3 (1996): 170-74.
Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services. "Signs, Symptoms, and Comforting Techniques for Infants Affected by Substance Abuse." Tallahassee, FL: Department of Health and Rehabilitation, 1991.
Fenichel, E. (Editor). "Drug Exposed Infants and Their Families." Zero to Three v 13, n 1 (August-September 1992): 1-42.
Ferrentino, M. P. Increasing Nurturing Relationships between Primary Caregivers and Infants Prenatally Exposed to Cocaine through a Neighbor-Implemented Individual and Group Training Model. FL: Nova University, 1992.
Harpring, J. Cocaine Babies: Florida's Substance-Exposed Youth. Tallahassee, FL: Florida Education Center, 1990.
Jaudes, P. K., and Erwo, E. E. "Outcomes for Infants Exposed in Utero to Illicit Drugs." Child Welfare v 76, n 4 (July-August 1997): 521-34.
Klinger, S. B. Improving Child/Caregiver Relationships of Prenatally Substance- Exposed Children Birth to Three with Early Intervention Techniques Facilitated by Infant Development Instructors. FL: Nova University, 1992.
Krutilla, J. O. "Rural Cocaine/Polydrug Abusing Families and Young Children: An Ethnographic Study of Intervention Needs." Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Council for Exceptional Children, Baltimore MD, 1992.
National Committee for Adoption. "Special Issue on Prenatal Drug Abuse." National Adoption Reports (March-April 1990): 1-4.
Schatz, M. S., and Mallea, E. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Crack and AIDS Babies. Fostering Families: A Specialized Training Program Designed for Foster Care Workers & Foster Care Parents. Ft. Collins, CO: Colorado State University, Department of Social Work, April 1992.
Shores, E. F. Prenatal Cocaine Exposure; The South Looks for Answers: A SACUS Special Report. Little Rock, AK: Southern Association on Children Under Six, 1991.
Smith, L. L. "Living with FAS." Ours v 26, n 6 (November-December 1992): 23-24.
White, E. "Foster Parenting the Drug-Affected Baby." Zero to Three v 13, n 1 (August- September 1992): 13-17.
Zebroski, M. P. Establishment of Fetal Alcohol Support and Information Network of Southwestern Pennsylvania: A Response to The Expressed Needs of Foster and Adoptive Parents. FL: Nova Southeastern University, 1996.
Bagnato, S. J.; Neisworth, J. T.; and Munson, S. M. Linking Developmental Assessment and Early Intervention: Curriculum-Based Prescriptions. Rockville, MD: Aspen Publishing, 1989.
Bangsund, R. "Advocating in the Schools for a Child Affected by FAS/E." The Roundtable v 6, n 2 (1992): 3-4.
Barone, D. "Be Very Careful Not to Let the Facts Get Mixed Up with the Truth": Children Prenatally Exposed to Crack/Cocaine." Urban Education v 30, n 1 (April 1995): 40-55.
Barone, D. "Children Prenatally Exposed to Crack or Cocaine; Looking Behind the Label." Reading Teacher v 49, n 4 (December-January 1995-96): 278-89.
Barone, D. "Myths about 'Crack Babies'." Educational Leadership v 52, n 2 (October 1994): 67-68.
Barth, Richard, P. "Educational Implications of Prenatal Drug-Exposure." Social Work in Education v 13, n 2 (1991): 130-36.
Bellisimo, Y. "Crack Babies: The Schools' New High-Risk Students." Thrust (January 1990): 23-6.
Beryl Buck Institute for Education. Prenatal Drug Exposed Children: Support for Classroom Teachers. Novato, CA: Beryl Buck Institute for Education, 1992.
Bullock, L. M.; et al. "Examination of Issues Related to In-Service Programming for Personnel Working with Children Who Are Prenatally Exposed to Drugs and Alcohol." In Forum on Emerging Trends in Special Education: Implications for Personnel Preparation, edited by Teresa D. Bunsen, Texas 1992.
California State Department of Education. Just Kids: A Practical Guide for Working with Children Prenatally Substance-Exposed. Sacramento, CA: California Department of Education, 1994.
Chapman, J. K., and Elliott, R. N. "Preschoolers Exposed to Cocaine: Early Childhood Special Education and Head Start Preparation." Journal of Early Intervention v 19, n 2 (Spring 1995): 118-29.
Chapman, J. K.; et al. "Service Patterns and Educational Experience between Two Groups Who Work with Young Children Prenatally Exposed to Cocaine: A Study across Four States." Infant Toddler Intervention: The Transdisciplinary Journal v 5, n 1 (March 1995): 31-49.
Cohen, S., and Taharally, C. "Getting Ready for Young Children with Prenatal Drug Exposure." Childhood Education v 69, n 1 (Fall 1992): 5-9.
Evans, S.; et al. "Here's Help for Young Children Exposed to Drugs." Teaching Exceptional Children v 29, n 3 (January-February 1997):
Fejes-Mendoza, K. Drug-Exposed Infants: Outlook on Education. Des Moines, IA: Mountain Plains Regional Resource Center, 1991.
Folz, Claire M. "Effects of Fetal Cocaine Exposure and Implications for Teachers of Exposed Children." Master's Thesis, William Paterson College, New York, 1990.
Greer, J. V. "The Drug Babies." Exceptional Children v 56, n 5 (February 1990): 382-84.
Griffith, D. R. "Prenatal Exposure to Cocaine and Other Drugs: Developmental and Educational Prognoses." Phi Delta Kappan v 74, n 1 (September 1992): 30-4.
Institute for Educational Leadership. Cocaine-Exposed Children: A Growing Health/Education Issue. Washington, D.C.: National Health Education Consortium, 1992.
Jackson, S. A. Educating Young Children Prenatally Exposed to Drugs and At Risk: Report and Resource Compendium. Washington, D.C.: Fund for the Improvement and Reform of Schools and Teaching, July 1993.
Kinnison, L. R. "Prenatal Drug Exposure: Implications for Teachers of Young Children." Day Care & Early Education v 22, n 3 (Spring 1995): 35-37.
Krajicek, M. "Interventions for Infants Born Affected by Drugs and Alcohol." In Forum on Emerging Trends in Special Education: Implications for Personnel Preparation, edited by Teresa D. Bunsen , Colorado: 1992.
Mack, F. R. P. "Teacher Attitude and Knowledge Regarding Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effects." Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the National Association of Early Childhood Teacher Educators, Washington, D.C., 1995.
Meyer, J., and Morris, J. "Don't Give Up on Me--I Can Learn." Principal v 74, n 1 (September 1994): 36-38.
Mullin, J. B. "Children Prenatally Exposed to Cocaine and Crack: Implications for Schools." B.C. Journal of Special Education v 16, n 3 (1992): 282-9.
National Association of State Directors of Special Education. "Children Exposed in Utero to Illegal Drugs: Education's Newest Crisis." Liaison Bulletin v 18, n 2 (January 1992):
Newman, L. F., and Buka, S. L. "Clipped Wings: The Fullest Look Yet at How Prenatal Exposure to Drugs, Alcohol, and Nicotine Hobbles Children's Learning." American Educator: The Professional Journal of the American Federation of Teachers v 15, n 1 (Spring 1991): 27-30, 33, 42
New York City Board of Education. Prenatal Exposure to Substances of Abuse: An Evaluation of the Drug Free Schools and Communities Act Emergency Grants Program. Brooklyn, NY: Office of Research, Evaluation, and Assessment, 1993.
Osborne, J. A Sourcebook for Successful School-based Strategies for Fetal Alcohol and Drug- Affected Students. Portland, OR: Western Regional Center for Drug-Free Schools and Communities, 1994.
Ottney, J. R. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Facts and Choices. A Guide for Teachers. Madison, WI: Wisconsin Clearinghouse, 1991.
Phelps, L., and Cox, D. "Children with Prenatal Cocaine Exposure: Resilient or Handicapped?" School Psychology Review v 22, n 4 (1993): 710-24.
Poulsen, M. K. Schools Meet the Challenge: Educational Needs of Children at Risk Due to Prenatal Substance Exposure. Sacramento, CA: California State Department of Education, 1992.
Poulson, M. K. Perinatal Substance Abuse: What's Best for the Children? Sacramento, CA: California State Department of Education, 1991.
Rathbun, A. "FAS and FAE Children in the Classroom: Implications for Teaching." Roots and Wings (Winter 1991): 21-22.
Rist, M. C. "The Shadow Children." American School Board Journal v 177, n 1 (1990): 18-24.
Rogers, S. F., and Tucker, B. H. "Prenatally Drug-Exposed Children in the Classroom:
Identifying Behavioral Characteristics and Instructional Strategies for Literacy Development." Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the College Reading Association, St. Louis, MO, 1992.
Schutter, L. S., and Brinker, R. P. "Conjuring a New Category of Disability form Prenatal Cocaine Exposure: Are the Infants Unique Biological or Caretaking Casualties?" Topics in Early Childhood Special Education v 11, n 4 (Winter 1992): 84-111.
Shedlin, A., Jr. (Editor). Neither Damned Nor Doomed: Educating Children Prenatally Exposed to Drugs and Alcohol. New York, NY: Elementary School Center, 1992.
Shriver, M. D., and Piersel, W. "The Long-Term Effects of Intrauterine Drug Exposure: Review of Recent Research and Implications for Early Childhood Special Education." Topics in Early Childhood Special Education v 14, n 2 (Summer 1994): 161-83.
Sluder, L. C. "Prenatal Drug Exposure: Meeting the Challenge." Childhood Education v 73, n 2 (Winter 1996-97): 66-69.
Smith, G. H.; Coles, C. D.; et al. Children, Families and Substance Abuse: Challenges for Changing Educational and Social Outcomes. Baltimore, MD: Paul Brooks, 1995.
Soby, J. M. Prenatal Exposure to Drugs/Alcohol: Characteristics and Educational Implications of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Cocaine/Polydrug Effects. Springfield, IL: CC Thomas, 1994.
Van Dyke, D. C., and Fox, A. A. "Fetal Drug Exposure and its Possible Implications of Learning in the Preschool and School-Age Population." Journal of Learning Disabilities v 23 (1990): 160-3.
Vincent, L.; et al. Born Substance Exposed, Educationally Vulnerable. Reston, VA: The Council for Exceptional Children, 1991.
Waller, M. B. "Helping Crack-Affected Children Succeed." Educational Leadership v 50 (1993): 57-60.
Health Care Professionals
Applebaum, M. G. "Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention." Nurse Practitioner v 10, n 24 (October 1995): 24, 27-8, 31-3.
Burns, D. L. "Positive Toxicology Screening in Newborns: Ethical Issues in the Decision to Legally Intervene." Pediatric Nursing v 23, n 1 (January 1997): 73-75.
DeStefano Lewis, K. "Pathophysiology of Prenatal Drug-Exposure: In Utero, in the Newborn, in Childhood, and in Agencies." Journal of Pediatric Nursing v 6, n 3 (June 1991): 185-
Dixon, S. D.; Bresnahan, K.; and Zuckerman, B. "Cocaine Babies: Meeting the Challenge of Management." Contemporary Pediatrics (June 1990): 70-92.
Hurt, H. "Medical Controversies in Evaluation and Management of Cocaine-Exposed Infants." Healthcare Executive Currents v 3-4 (1990).
Lewis, K.; Bennett, B.; and Schmeder, N. "The Care of Infants Menaced by Cocaine Abuse." American Journal Maternal Child Nursing v 14 (1989): 324-29.
Miller, H. "Prenatal Cocaine Exposure and Mother-Infant Interaction: Implications for Occupational Therapy Intervention." American Journal of Occupational Therapy v 51, n 2 (February 1997): 119-31.
Osborn, J. A.; Harris, S. R.; and Weinberg, J. "Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Review of the Literature with Implications for Physical Therapists." Physical Therapy v 73, n 9 (1993): 599-607.
Social Work Professionals
Attachment Center at Evergreen. "Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Attachment Disorders: The Tangled Cord." Attachments v 4, n 1 (January 1991): 2,4.
Brady, J. P.; et al. Risk and Reality: Implications of Prenatal Exposure to Alcohol and Other Drugs. Washington, D.C.: Department of Health and Human Services, 1994.
Bronfield, G.; et al. "Training Personnel for Children Affected by Alcohol or Drugs." Arizona
Brown, S. L. "Where Will the Children Go?" The Roundtable v 6, n 2 (1992):
Budetti, P., et al. An Analysis of Resources to Aid Drug-Exposed Infants and Their Families. Washington, D.C.: George Washington University, Center for Health Policy Research, March 1993.
Burns, M. S.; et al. "Intervention for Infants and Toddlers Exposed to Methadone in Utero: Three Case Studies." Infants and Young Children v 9, n 1 (July 1996): 75-88.
Davidson, C. "Attachment Issues and the Cocaine Exposed Dyad." Child and Adolescent Social Work v 8, n 4 (1991): 269-83.
Dunn-Malhotra, E. "Medicaid Waivers: Promising for Some Drug-Exposed Children; Don't Help Most." Youth Law News v 11, n 1 (1990): 27-31.
Gaines, J., and Kandall, S. R. "Counseling Issues Related to Maternal Substance Use and Subsequent Sudden Infant Death Syndrome in Offspring." Clinical Social Work Journal v 20, n 2 (Summer 1992): 169-77.
Giunta, C. T., and Streissguth, A. P. "Patients with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and their Caretakers." Social Casework: The Journal of Contemporary Social Work v 69, n 7 (1988): 453-59.
Groze, V.; Haines-Simeon, M.; and Barth, R. P. "Barriers in Permanency Planning for Medically Fragile Children: Drug Affected Children and HIV Infected Children." Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal v 11, n 1 (1994): 63-85.
Lewis, M. A., Giovannoni, J. M., and Leake, B. "Two-Year Placement Outcomes of Children Removed at Birth from Drug-Using and Non-Drug-Using Mothers in Los Angeles." Social Work Research v 21, n 2 (June 1997): 81-90.
Neuspiel, D. R. "On Pejorative Labeling of Cocaine Exposed Children." Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment v 10 (1993): 407.
Potocky, M., and McDonald, T. P. "Evaluating the Effectiveness of Family Preservation Services of the Families of Drug-Exposed Infants: A Pilot Study." Research on Social Work Practice v 6, n 4 (October 1996): 524-35.
Ramler, M., and Barth, R. P. "The Caregiver Training Project: Training Child Welfare Workers and Foster Parents to Work in the AIDS and Drug Epidemics." The Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Problems v 2, n 4 (1993): 43-46.
Rauch, J. B. "Genetic Services for Foster Children: An Unmet Need?" Child Welfare v 69, n 4 (1990): 341-55.
Regan, D. O.; Ehrlich, S. M.; and Finnegan, L. P. "Infants of Drug Addicts: At Risk for Child Abuse Neglect, and Placement in Foster Care." Neurotoxicology and Teratology v 9, n 4 (1987): 315-29.
Sagatun-Edwards, I. J; et al. "Drug Exposed Infants in the Social Welfare System and Juvenile Court." Child Abuse & Neglect v 19, n 1 (January 1995): 83-92.
Short, G. F. "Play Therapy Interventions for Substance Exposed Infants and Toddlers." The Source v 6, n 1 (1996):
Soman, L. A., et al. Perinatal Alcohol and Drug Use: Access to Essential Services in 12 California Counties. Berkeley, CA: California Policy Seminar, 1993.
Sparks, S. N. Children of Prenatal Substance Abuse. San Diego, CA: Singular Publishing Group, 1993.
Streissguth, A. P. "Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Understanding the Problem: Understanding the Solution: What Indian Communities Can Do." American Indian Culture and Research Journal v 18, n 3 (1994): 45-83.
Streissguth, A. P., and Giunta, C. T. "Mental Health and Health Needs of Infants and Preschool Children with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome." International Journal of Family Psychiatry v 9 (1988): 29-47.
Tyler, R. "Prenatal Drug Exposure: An Overview of Associated Problems and Intervention Strategies." Phi Delta Kappan v 73, n 9 (May 1992): 705-8.
Villarreal, S. F.; et al. Handle with Care: Helping Children Prenatally Exposed to Drugs and Alcohol. Santa Cruz, CA: ETR Associates, 1991.
Weinberg, J.; Kim, C. K.; and Yu, W. "Early Handling Can Attenuate Adverse Effects of Fetal Ethanol Exposure." Alcohol v 12, n 4 (1995): 317-27.
Wightman, M. J. "Criteria for Placement Decisions with Cocaine-Exposed Infants." Child Welfare v 70, n 6 (November-December 1990): 653-63.