If you cannot access the message below, view the Web version at http://www.adoptioninstitute.org/old.


1. Law, Policy & Practice
- New Ontario Law Gives Adoptees, Birthparents Access to Information
- Nepal and Ukraine Issue New Rules for International Adoptions
- MN Governor Vetoes Bill Giving Adoptees Access to Birth Certificates
- Senator Introduces Bill to Reauthorize Adoption Incentive Program

2. Research
- Institute Report Calls for Changes in Law on Transracial Adoptions
- Study: Adoptees Have More Contact with Mental Health Professionals
- Research Shows Effectiveness of Foster Parent Training Program
- Law Review Article Explores Court Rulings on Adoptee Records Access
- Analysis Identifies Factors Linked with Reentry into Foster Care
- Youth Aging Out Found to Have Greater Work Issues, Lower Earnings

3. News
- Domestic Adoptions on Rise, Dual Citizenship Considered in Korea
- Chinese Express Strong Desire to Adopt Orphans after Earthquake
- Catholic Church in England Halts Some Programs over Gay Adoptions

4. Resources
- Casey Family Services Develops Instrument for Use in Permanency Work
- Magazine Website Offers Guide for Parents on Talking About Adoption
- Educational Materials Focus on Issues Relating to Race and Adoption
- CASA Association Offers Directory of Resources on Child Protection

5. Institute Update
- Institute Report on Race and Adoption Receives Wide Media Coverage
- Executive Director Comments on International Adoption Practices
- Institute Personnel Remark on Study on Mental Health and Adoption
- Sibling Rivalry in 'Blended' Families Described as Complex but Normal
- Adoption Institute's Annual Spring Gala in New York a Great Success

Law, Policy & Practice

NEW ONTARIO LAW GIVES ADOPTEES, BIRTHPARENTS ACCESS TO INFORMATION
The Ontario government passed a law on May 14 that will give adopted persons 18 years or older and birthparents (after the adoptee is 19 years old) access to original birth registrations and adoption orders, while allowing a disclosure veto for adoptions completed before Sept. 1, 2008. The new legislation also gives birthparents and adult adoptees the option to refuse contact in writing; those who place a disclosure veto will be asked to voluntarily submit medical information. Adoptees and birthparents may apply for disclosure vetoes starting in September 2008 and those seeking information may apply in June 2009. To read the new law, go to: http://www.ontla.on.ca/bills/bills-files/39_Parliament/Session1/b012ra.pdf

NEPAL AND UKRAINE ISSUE NEW RULES FOR INTERNATIONAL ADOPTIONS
The U.S. Department of State issued two notices regarding regulation changes in international adoption practices in Nepal and Ukraine. According to the May 2 notice, the Nepali Cabinet approved new terms that include: overseas adoption agencies must be registered with the Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare (WCS); the ministry will also be responsible for matching children with prospective adoptive parents; and preference will be given to domestic adoption placements. Overseas adoptions from Nepal have been suspended since May 2007 and, despite the new regulations, no date has been set for their resumption. A notice issued on April 28 said the Ukrainian President signed a law that makes the following major changes in adoption practices: the minimum age of prospective adoptive parents must be at least 21; maximum age difference between parents and children cannot exceed 45 years; and prospective adoptive parents from overseas must be married. The new law was effective as of April 24, 2008. To read the May DOS notice on Nepal, go to: http://travel.state.gov/family/adoption/intercountry/intercountry_4241.html; for more information about Nepal's new regulations go to the U.S. Embassy website: http://nepal.usembassy.gov/adoptions.html; to read the April notice on Ukraine, go to: http://travel.state.gov/family/adoption/intercountry/intercountry_4223.html

MN GOVERNOR VETOES BILL GIVING ADOPTEES ACCESS TO BIRTH CERTIFICATES
Minnesota Gov. Tim Pawlenty vetoed legislation (SF3193) on May 16 that would have allowed all adoptees 19 years of age or older in the state to obtain an uncertified copy of their original birth certificate upon request, provided that one of their birthparents had not submitted an affidavit of nondisclosure. To read the vetoed legislation, go to: https://www.revisor.leg.state.mn.us/bin/bldbill.php?bill=S3193.2.html&session=ls85; to read the Adoption Institute report on this issue, go to: http://www.adoptioninstitute.org/old/research/2007_11_for_records.php

SENATOR INTRODUCES BILL TO REAUTHORIZE ADOPTION INCENTIVE PROGRAM
U.S. Senator Chuck Grassley introduced legislation (S3038) on May 20 that would extend the adoption incentive program due to expire this year. The program was established by the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997; it provides an adoption bonus to states if they exceed their highest number of finalized adoptions from foster care from previous years. The new bill would increase incentive payments, especially for special needs adoptions and adoptions of older children, and would make all children with special needs eligible for federal adoption assistance. The bill would also authorize states to establish a relative guardianship program. To read the proposed legislation, go to: http://thomas.loc.gov/ and search for S3038 in the search bill text field.

Research

INSTITUTE REPORT CALLS FOR CHANGES IN LAW ON TRANSRACIAL ADOPTIONS
The Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute on May 27 released a major report, "Finding Families for African American Children: The Role of Race and Law in Adoption from Foster Care." The report evaluates the impact of federal laws mandating a color-blind approach to adoptions from foster care (the Multiethnic Placement Act and the Interethnic Adoption Provisions) and concludes that they have not resulted in equity in adoption for African American foster children and are having the unintended consequence of preventing sound adoption practice to adequately prepare families adopting transracially. The report also found that the law's mandate for "diligent recruitment" of families in the communities from which the children come was not being well-implemented or enforced. The report was endorsed by a wide range of child welfare and professional organizations, including: the North American Council on Adoptable Children, the Child Welfare League of America, the Dave Thomas Foundation for Adoption, the Adoption Exchange Association, the National Association of Black Social Workers, Voice for Adoption, and the Foster Care Alumni of America. In addition, the National Association of Social Workers endorsed its recommendations. To download the report, go to: http://www.adoptioninstitute.org/old/research/2008_05_mepa.php

STUDY: ADOPTEES HAVE MORE CONTACT WITH MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONALS
A University of Minnesota-based study evaluating the presence of behavioral and emotional problems in 540 non-adopted adolescents and 692 infant-placed adopted youth (178 domestic and 514 international) found that those who were adopted had double the odds of contact with a mental health professional (2.05 times) and of having a disruptive behavior disorder (2.3 times). "The Mental Health of US Adolescents Adopted in Infancy," by Margaret Keyes, Anu Sharma, Irene Elkins, William Iacono, and Matt McGue, was published in the May issue of the Archives of Pediatric Adolescent Medicine (Volume 162, Issue 5). The study also found that while most individuals adopted as infants are well-adjusted, as a group domestic adoptees had greater odds (2.6 times) of having an externalizing disorder than international adoptees. The risk was highest for ADHD - 3.95 times greater among domestic adoptees and 1.8 times greater among international adoptees than for non-adopted adolescents. To access an abstract, go to: http://archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/short/162/5/419

RESEARCH SHOWS EFFECTIVENESS OF FOSTER PARENT TRAINING PROGRAM
The effectiveness of a foster parent training intervention, KEEP, was investigated through an experimental design with 700 families having foster children between ages 5 and 12 in San Diego County. Receipt of this 16-week training, supervision and support program in behavior management methods was found to increase children's chances of a positive exit (reunification) and to lessen placement disruptions. "Effects of a Foster Parent Training Intervention on Placement Changes of Children in Foster Care," by Joseph Price, Patricia Chamberlain, John Landsverk, John Reid, Leslie Leve, and Heidemarie Laurent, was published in the February issue of Child Maltreatment (Volume 13, Issue 1). Being in the intervention group nearly doubled the likelihood of a positive exit by the end of the intervention period and reduced the negative impact of a history of multiple placements. To access an abstract, go to: http://cmx.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/13/1/64

LAW REVIEW ARTICLE EXPLORES COURT RULINGS ON ADOPTEE RECORDS ACCESS
"The Only Americans Legally Prohibited from Knowing Who their Birth Parents Are: A Rejection of Privacy Rights as a Bar to Adult Adoptees' Access to Original Birth and Adoption Records," by Susan Hughes, reviews the reasons that some courts have upheld the statutory bars to adult adoptee access to birth and adoption records and the legal foundations for supporting access. This 33-page article, published in a recent issue of the Cleveland State Law Review (Volume 55, Issue 3), explores the concept of constitutional privacy and the categories of privacy currently recognized in American law, concluding that birthparent privacy interests are an insufficient basis for blocking adoptee access. It also reviews some recent judicial and legislative approaches supporting this conclusion. The full article can be accessed at: http://www.clevelandstatelawreview.org/55/issue3/Hughes_final_10.15.pdf

ANALYSIS IDENTIFIES FACTORS LINKED WITH REENTRY INTO FOSTER CARE
A study of the factors associated with reentry into foster care following reunification - based on data on 273 children who were reunified and 58 of them (16%) who reentered care - found that higher levels of behavior problems and a greater number of children in the home pose greater risks of reentry. "Reentry of Elementary Aged Children Following Reunification from Foster Care," by Richard Barth (an Institute Senior Fellow), Elizabeth Weigensberg, Philip Fisher, Becky Fetrow, and Rebecca Green, was published in the April issue of Children and Youth Services Review (Volume 30, Issue 4). The average time to reentry was 6.9 months. To access an abstract, go to: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=PublicationURL&_tockey=%23TOC
%235892%232008%23999699995%23683181%23FLA%23&_cdi=5892&_
pubType=J&_auth=y&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=
70f1032f3448e3e87f0a2d5b067236b2

YOUTH AGING OUT FOUND TO HAVE GREATER WORK ISSUES, LOWER EARNINGS
The Urban Institute published a study of employment outcomes (to age 24) of youth aging out of foster care in three states - California, Minnesota, and North Carolina - entitled "Coming of Age: Employment Outcomes for Youth Who Age Out of Foster Care through their Middle Twenties," by Jennifer Macomber, Daniel Kuehn, Marla McDaniel, Tracy Vericker, Mike Pergamit, Stephanie Cuccaro-Alamin, Barbara Needell, Dean Duncan, Hye-Chung Kum, Joy Stewart, Chung-Kwon Lee, and Richard Barth (an Institute Senior Fellow). The study, which was released in April, found average monthly earnings for youth aging out ranged from $450 in North Carolina to $690 in California, as compared to the $1,535 national average for all 24-year-olds. There were four distinct patterns in connecting to the workforce, with one-third to one-half having positive employment outcomes and the remainder demonstrating inconsistent employment or unemployment. To access the report, go to: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/
1001174_employment_outcomes.pdf

 

News

DOMESTIC ADOPTIONS ON RISE, DUAL CITIZENSHIP CONSIDERED IN KOREA
While the total number of adoptions of Korean children fell for the sixth straight year (to 2,652 in 2007 from 3,231 in 2006), more orphans were adopted by domestic families than by foreign ones for the first time, according to an article published on May 4 in the Korea Times. In the article, "Domestic Adoption Exceeds Overseas for 1st Time," by Lee Hyo-sik, 1,388 children were adopted by native Koreans while 1,264 were adopted into other countries. Of those adopted overseas, about 500 had special needs, whereas only 40 children with disabilities were adopted domestically. In another article, published on May 8 in the Korea Times, "Dual Nationality May be Allowed to Prevent Brain Drain," by Kang Hyun-Kyung, the government announced in April that it was considering revising current citizenship requirements to allow foreigners, mainly Korean-Americans including adoptees abroad, to obtain dual citizenship. To read the article on adoption rates, go to: http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2008/05/123_23596.html; for a related article on the number of special needs adoptions, go to: http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2008/05/117_24295.html; to read the article on dual citizenship, go to: http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2008/05/116_23858.html

CHINESE EXPRESS STRONG DESIRE TO ADOPT ORPHANS AFTER EARTHQUAKE
Civil affairs officials in China's southwestern Sichuan Province - which was devastated by the May 12 earthquake - have reportedly registered more than 20,000 families and individuals in the country interested in adopting orphans in the disaster-struck areas, according to a May 27 article published in People's Daily Online. The story, "Over 20,000 Families, Individuals Willing to Adopt Quake Orphans," reports that efforts to process the adoptions of orphans will begin as soon as possible after the earthquake relief is complete. As of May 25, there were 5,498 orphans and children whose parents had not been identified in the province. To read the article, go to: http://english.people.com.cn/90001/6419343.html

CATHOLIC CHURCH IN ENGLAND HALTS SOME PROGRAMS OVER GAY ADOPTIONS
The Catholic Church in England has decided to stop providing adoption services in three of the nation's largest adoption agencies in response to the conflict between church doctrine and a government requirement to end discrimination against same-sex couples. According to a May 26 article, "Mandated Homosexual Adoptions Forces Catholic Church to Quit Adoption Agencies in England," by Jenna Murphy published on LifeSiteNews.com, in 2007 the government required adoption agencies to consider adoptive parents regardless of sexual orientation and provided a 21-month "delay" to allow churches to become more tolerant of same-sex couple adoptions. Ten other adoption agencies in Britain and Wales still have to make decisions about same-sex adoptions as the 21-month period ends. To read the article, go to: http://www.lifesitenews.com/ldn/2008/may/08052606.html ; to read the Adoption Institute brief on this issue, go to: http://www.adoptioninstitute.org/old/policy/2006_Expanding_Resources_for_Children.php

 

Resources

CASEY FAMILY SERVICES DEVELOPS INSTRUMENT FOR USE IN PERMANENCY WORK
The Belonging and Emotional Security Tool (BEST) was developed at Casey Family Services to assist social workers in evaluating the emotional quality of youths' relationships with their foster parents, assessing the foster parents' sense of claiming and attachment, and in initiating discussions about permanency. "Achieving Permanency for Youth in Foster Care: Assessing and Strengthening Emotional Security," by Lauren Frey, Gretta Cushing, Madelyn Freundlich (the Adoption Institute's Legislation and Policy Director), and Eliot Brenner, was published in the May issue of Child and Family Social Work (Volume 13, Issue 2). The two 25-item tools (for youths and foster parents) are contained in the article. To access a free abstract, go to: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1365-2206.2007.00539.x

MAGAZINE WEBSITE OFFERS GUIDE FOR PARENTS ON TALKING ABOUT ADOPTION
The Adoptive Families website recently compiled a list of the magazine's best resources for adoptive parents on talking with their children about adoption, birthparents and birth siblings, transracial issues, and other topics. "Get Talking!: Adoptive Families' Guide to Talking about Adoption," offers approximately 20 publications, including one that is translated into Spanish, "Talking to Your Six to Eight Year Old about Adoption" by Susan Saidman. To access these resources, go to: http://www.adoptivefamilies.com/talking

EDUCATIONAL MATERIALS FOCUS ON ISSUES RELATING TO RACE AND ADOPTION
Dr. John Raible, an Assistant Professor of Education at the University of Nebraska specializing in diversity and multicultural issues, is a biracial adoptee whose website on transracial adoption issues offers a blog and many educational resources on race and adoption. His own experience was featured in two award-winning films, "Struggle for Identity: Issues in Transracial Adoption" and "Struggle for Identity: A Conversation 10 Years Later." Raible's recent post, "What's Wrong with MEPA," is a response to the Adoption Institute's new report on this subject. To access the website, go to: http://johnraible.wordpress.com/

CASA ASSOCIATION OFFERS DIRECTORY OF RESOURCES ON CHILD PROTECTION
The National CASA Association has published a directory of over 20 publications or links to websites that address protecting children both domestically and in other countries against child trafficking and illegal adoptions, including the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children. "Online Resources: International Placements and the ICPC," by Paula Campbell, may be accessed at: http://www.nationalcasa.org/JudgesPage/Article/online_resources.htm

 

Institute Updates

INSTITUTE REPORT ON RACE AND ADOPTION RECEIVES WIDE MEDIA COVERAGE
The Adoption Institute's major new report "Finding Families for African American Children: The Role of Race and Law in Adoption from Foster Care," has been widely reported in national print and broadcast media. Major articles were written by the New York Times, the Washington Post and the Chicago Tribune (among others), and a piece by the Associated Press - as well as editorials and other stories - was featured in hundreds of newspapers, magazines and websites throughout the United States and in other countries. In addition, Executive Director Adam Pertman was extensively interviewed by print and broadcast media, including National Public Radio, Fox Television, and many others. To read the AP article, go to: http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5hlc5anGHXNag2jNXkS368mAjWF6wD90TT4L00; to read the New York Times piece, go to: http://www.nytimes.com/2008/05/27/us/27adopt.html?
ex=1212465600&en=0cc2258a4459aa93&ei=5070&emc=eta1
; to read the Chicago Tribune article, go to: http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/
chi-transracial_27may27,0,3142678.story
and to listen to Executive Director Adam Pertman on NPR, go to: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=90883421

EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR COMMENTS ON INTERNATIONAL ADOPTION PRACTICES
In an article published May 2 on NewsBlaze.com, "New Intercountry Adoption Standards Implemented in the United States," by Derek Repp, Executive Director Pertman comments on the new regulations for international adoptions stipulated by the Hague Convention, stating, "Imposing a framework for something so sensitive should help to bring about better practices and more humane treatment." In a May 7 article by Mary Kane, "Adoption Rules Tighten Abroad," published in the Washington Independent, Pertman discusses the declining number of international adoptions as a result of cultural changes, restrictions and shutdowns; he says that "we want to get adoption to the point that it's as ethical, as thoughtful, as humane and as efficient as we can make it," but adds that it would be "a tragedy" if children who need homes do not get them. And in a May 14 ABC News piece, "An Adoption Nightmare: An American Couple Adopted Indian Sisters, Only to Learn They'd Been Stolen" by Russell Goldman, Pertman states that the majority of adoptions involve legitimate orphans but that adoptive parents must be cautious and thoughtful. To read the NewsBlaze article, go to: http://newsblaze.com/story/20080502051619tsop.nb/newsblaze/TOPSTORY/Top-Stories.html; to read the Washington Independent piece, go to: http://www.washingtonindependent.com/view/international; to read the ABC News article, go to: http://www.abcnews.go.com/International/story?id=4823713&page=1

INSTITUTE PERSONNEL REMARK ON STUDY ON MENTAL HEALTH AND ADOPTION
Executive Director Adam Pertman and Research & Project Director David Brodzinsky provided commentary on a University of Minnesota-based study, "Adopted Children at Slightly Higher Mental Health Risk." In a story published on the study in the May 5 issue of U.S. News & World Report, Pertman states that while the results are "consistent with previous research" the risk can be judged as a moderate one. "It's not scary," he says. "It's cautionary." In a May 5 Chicago Tribune story, "Study: Adolescents Adopted as Infants are More Likely to Have Psychiatric Disorders," Brodzinsky says one reason for the finding is that adoptive parents "have been prepared in a way that predisposes them to utilize professional mental health services - even when the problem is at a low level." To read the U.S. News article, go to: http://health.usnews.com/usnews/health/healthday/080505/
adopted-children-at-slightly-higher-mental-health-risk.htm
; to read the Chicago Tribune piece, go to: http://www.chicagotribune.com/features/lifestyle/health/
chi-adoptees-webmay06,0,7617572.story
; To read a policy brief published by the Adoption Institute in February, "Adoptive Parent Preparation Project I: Meeting the Mental Health and Developmental Needs of Adopted Children," go to: http://www.adoptioninstitute.org/old/research/2008_02_parent_prep.php

SIBLING RIVALRY IN `BLENDED' FAMILIES DESCRIBED AS COMPLEX BUT NORMAL
The Institute's Executive Director was interviewed for a May 16 piece published by ABC News, "Blended Families: Recipe for Sibling Rivalry? Adoption Experts Say Kids Will Cope Well If Parents Do," by Emily Friedman. In the story - which focused on sibling relationships in families that have both biological and adopted children - Pertman remarks that most of the issues in these blended families are common among all sorts of siblings, but that there are also complexities and differences that are unique to these relationships as well. To read the article, go to: http://abcnews.go.com/Health/story?id=4865364&page=1

ADOPTION INSTITUTE'S ANNUAL SPRING GALA IN NEW YORK A GREAT SUCCESS
Our fourth annual "Taste of Spring" benefit in New York City was a success in every way - over 200 guests enjoying great food, fabulous wines, wonderful music, and each other's company - all the while learning more about, and supporting, the Institute's work. The event raised more than $300,000 and was covered in Variety and Panache. We express our deepest thanks to all the friends, donors and supporters who made this success possible - especially our "Angel Underwriters," Jane & Bill Donaldson and Jurate Kazickas & Roger Altman. Enthusiastic thanks as well to our three creative and hard-working event co-chairs - Kim Donaldson, Caroline Fitzgibbons, and Sandy McManus - and to the Honorary Co-Chairs - Board member Priscilla Newman and her husband, Ron Cappello, and Institute supporter Roger Kline.

We were delighted to honor Board President Sandra D. Kresch and Tony-award-winning Broadway star Christine Ebersole and her husband, musician and composer Bill Moloney. Ebersole and Moloney are adoptive parents who have been outspoken in their celebration of adoption as a wonderful way to form a family - something that, in Christine's words, "is not defined by biology, it is defined by spirit." Kresch has served as our Board President since 1992, and has helped steer the Institute through a period of unprecedented growth and productivity. As she ends her highly successful tenure as President this year, we honor her leadership, creativity, and insight.

Kudos and thanks to the talented chefs representing the restaurants Aquavit, Country, Fleur de Sel, Ideal Cheese, P*Ong, Yuva, and Zarela; our wine donors, Bottlenotes.com, Kobrand Corporation, RO Imports and Vintage Capital Wine; and donors of one-of-a-kind opportunities and adventures for our silent auction, including Amanpuri Phuket Resort, Bottlenotes.com, and the Cakebread Family. Thanks also to Infinia Group LLC for a great-looking invitation and program, and to Stonekelly Flowers for turning the Midtown Loft into a veritable garden of spring flowers. Bottlenotes.com, Food and Wine Magazine, and Penguin Books made sure that our guests had useful and interesting goody bag items to take home with them as a reminder of a wonderful evening. For a glimpse of the event, go to: http://www.adoptioninstitute.org/old/events/tasteofspring_2008.php

If you are interested in hosting an event in your area, please contact Laura James at [email protected], or please consider advancing our many initiatives by:

•    Making a donation –and asking friends and relatives to honor birthdays and anniversaries with gifts to the Institute
•    Making a gift to the Institute in a loved one's honor or memory
•    Including the Institute in your estate plans
•    Using your contacts to help introduce us to foundations, corporations and other sources of support
•    Volunteering
•    Making "in-kind" donations of computer equipment, air miles and hotel vouchers

To find out more about contributing to the important work of the Institute, go to: http://www.adoptioninstitute.org/old/about/support.php

 

About the Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute

Since its establishment in 1996, the Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute has been a pre-eminent, independent voice for improving adoption for everyone it touches - particularly children - through innovative programs, educational initiatives, research and analysis, and advocacy for better practices, policies and laws. Our award-winning web site, www.adoptioninstitute.org/old, is a popular and reliable source for accurate adoption information.


Support Our Work

The Adoption Institute was established in 1996 with a one-time grant. To continue our work, we depend on new and renewable sources of funding. We need the financial support of people like you whose lives have been touched by adoption and who care about the future of vulnerable children everywhere. Please send a generous contribution to the Adoption Institute’s annual fund today. To donate, please call 212-925-4089 or go online to: http://www.adoptioninstitute.org/old/about/support.php, or print and complete this form http://www.adoptioninstitute.org/old/donate/donatereply.pdf, and fax it to 775-796-6592, or mail it with your check or credit card information to:

The Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
120 East 38th Street
New York, NY 10016

Disclaimer

The Adoption Institute e-Newsletter highlights laws, policy, practice, news, research, and public opinion to educate readers about emerging issues and new information that may impact adoption. The Adoption Institute does not make any representations about the accuracy or reliability of the information reported in the newsletter, and inclusion of items in the newsletter does not signify Adoption Institute support of author perspectives or positions.


Comments?

We welcome your thoughts about the e-Newsletter. Please let us know how we can make it better. Comments, questions and news tips may be directed to [email protected].

Your Privacy

The Adoption Institute will never trade or sell your e-mail address. Our policies can be accessed here: http://www.adoptioninstitute.org/old.