Policy Briefs

The Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute will periodically publish Policy Briefs focusing on important and timely questions in adoption. These examinations of key issues are part of our ongoing effort to provide accurate, research-based information, enhance understanding and perception of adoption, and work for better laws, policies and practices.

For inquires and questions, please email [email protected] or call 212-979-0382 (New York) or 617-332-8944 (Boston)

Title: Intercountry Adoption in Emergencies: The Tsunami Orphans
Published: 2005 April
Download: PDF file (119KB)
This policy brief examines the role of intercountry adoption in situations such as the one caused by the massive tsunami that struck Southeast Asia and the eastern coast of Africa on Dec. 26, 2004 – that is, during natural disasters, armed conflicts, and other complex human emergencies. By outlining some of the unique threats posed to children during emergencies, and examining existing international conventions and the legal framework for intercountry adoption, this brief articulates best practices that incorporate both immediate and long-term needs of children left without parental care – including protection, family reunification, community and family solutions, permanency, and respect for culture.

Title: Safeguarding Interstate Adoptions: The Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children
Published: 2005 April; Revised 2005 June
Download: PDF File (84KB)
The primary safeguard to regulate the adoption of boys and girls from one state to another is the Interstate Compact for the Placement of Children (ICPC). For a large number of foster children, finding permanent families requires moving in with relatives or other families outside their own states. For these children, accomplishing permanency is a more complicated process, requiring the cooperation of child welfare agencies and judicial systems in two jurisdictions. The ICPC was created four decades ago, and the pressure to expedite interjurisdictional placements has finally built to the point where serious efforts are now being undertaken to reform the process. This policy brief outlines the relevant issues in an effort to inform the discussion during current efforts to improve the ICPC system.